The module deploys log collector agents on nodes in the cluster. The purpose of these agents is to do minimal transformations and send logs further. Each agent is a vector instance running with a configuration file generated by Deckhouse.
- Deckhouse is watching
PodLoggingConfigcustom resources. The combination of a logging source and log destination is called
- Deckhouse generates a configuration file and stores it into Kubernetes
Secretis mounted to all log-shipper agent Pods and the configuration is reloaded on changes by the
This module deploys only agents on nodes. However, it is implied that logs are sent from the cluster using one of the following topologies.
Agents send logs directly to the storage, e.g., Loki, Elasticsearch.
- Less complicated scheme to use.
- Available out of the box without any external dependency besides storage.
- Complicated transformations consume more resources.
All logs are aggregated by one of the available aggregation destinations, e.g., Logstash, Vector. Agents on nodes do minimal transformations and try to send logs from nodes faster with less resource consumption. Complicated mappings are applied on the aggregator’s side.
- Fewer resources are used on worker nodes.
- Users can configure any possible mappings for aggregators and send logs to many more storages.
- Dedicated nodes for aggregates can be scaled up and down on loading changes.
The main goal of this architecture is to send messages to the queue system as quickly as possible, then other workers will read them and deliver them to the long-term storage for later analysis.
- The same pros and cons as for centralized architecture, yet one more middle layer storage is added.
- Increased durability. Suites for all infrastructures where logs delivery is crucial.
On collecting, all sources enrich logs with metadata.
The following metadata fields will be exposed:
|Label||Pod spec path|
Splunk destination does not use
pod_labels, because it is a nested object with keys and values.
The only exposed label is
host, which is equal to a node hostname.
There are a couple of filters to reduce the number of lines sent to the destination —
log filter and
They are executed right after concatenating lines together with the multiline log parser.
label filter— rules are executed against the metadata of a message. Fields in metadata (or labels) come from a source, so for different sources, we will have different fields for filtering. These rules are useful, for example, to drop messages from a particular container and for Pods with/without a label.
log filter— rules are executed against a message. It is possible to drop messages based on their JSON fields or, if a message is not JSON-formatted, use regex to exclude lines.
Both filters have the same structured configuration:
field— the source of data to filter (most of the time it is a value of a label or a JSON field).
operator— action to apply to a value of the field. Possible options are In, NotIn, Regex, NotRegex, Exists, DoesNotExist.
values— this option has a different meanings for different operations:
- DoesNotExist, Exists — not supported;
- In, NotIn — a value of a field must / mustn’t be in the list of provided values;
- Regex, NotRegex — a value of a field must match any or mustn’t match all the provided regexes (values).
You can find examples in the Examples section of the documentation.
Extra labels are added on the
Destination stage of the pipeline, so it is impossible to run queries against them.